World

Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, Former Iranian President, Dies at 88

“Bani-Sadr was active in the early 1960s in the emergence of the second National Front and played a leading role in its student section,” the Iranian American historian Fakhreddin Azimi stated in interview for this obituary. “After the revolution, as president in the most unfavorable circumstances, he endeavored to rely on Khomeini’s support and good will, as well as on his own popularity, to ward off or slow down the rise of clerical supremacy.”

“His efforts, given the disarray of broadly secular forces actually or potentially favorable to him and the ability of the clerics to win over Khomeini, were doomed to failure. With the loss of Khomeini’s support, his fate was sealed,” he stated.

Mr. Bani-Sadr was born on March 22, 1933, right into a household of pious landowners in Hamadan, Iran, stated to be one of many world’s oldest cities. After finding out legislation, theology and sociology at Tehran University, he moved to Paris, the place he spent a number of years within the Sixties finding out on the Sorbonne. He was caught up within the scholar motion and led protests in opposition to the regime of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi.

Information on Mr. Bani-Sadr’s survivors was not instantly obtainable.

In the Nineteen Seventies, Mr. Bani-Sadr met Ayatollah Khomeini, a pal of his late father, who had additionally been a cleric. They have been reunited in Paris after Ayatollah Khomeini was exiled there in 1978.

In one of many twentieth century’s most spectacular political collapses, the shah fled Iran on Jan. 16, 1979. Ayatollah Khomeini, who had directed the revolution from exile, returned house two weeks later. In the broad-based authorities that the ayatollah put in, Mr. Bani-Sadr served as deputy minister of finance, then minister of finance, and eventually as minister of international affairsWith the ayatollah’s blessing, Mr. Bani-Sadr simply gained the presidential election of Jan. 25, 1980. The ayatollah, nonetheless, had secured approval of a structure giving him energy to dismiss presidents at will. Over the subsequent 18 months, he directed Mr. Bani-Sadr’s rise and fall.

In his first weeks in energy, Mr. Bani-Sadr labored to convey order to the shambles that had been left by the collapse of the shah’s authorities. However, he was shortly was distracted by the hostage disaster.

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